Cleaning and disinfection are critically important for biosecurity, especially in preventing and controlling disease outbreaks. Sanitation addresses the cleaning and disinfection when necessary, of people, equipment and materials entering facilities. 

General disinfection protocol:

  1. Remove all organic matter- *Surfaces cannot be disinfected if organic matter is present.* Scrub surfaces with warm, soapy water to remove all traces of organic matter including dirt, feces, saliva and mucous.
  2. Allow surface to dry before applying a disinfectant.
  3. Disinfect- After scrubbing the surface, use an approved disinfectant such as bleach (recommended at a strength of 1 part bleach to 10 parts water) or accelerated hydrogen peroxide or a phenolic.  Be sure to follow label directions for use including precautions that workers should be taking in applying the product used.
  4. Allow surface to dry 
  5. Remember to disinfect crossties and under floor mats as well- floor mats should be pulled up, scrubbed, and sprayed with a disinfectant, as should the floor beneath them. Crossties should be cleaned of organic matter and disinfected.